Title

Invasive characterization of atherosclerotic plaque in patients with peripheral arterial disease using near-infrared spectroscopy intravascular ultrasound.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-1-2017

Publication Title

Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions

ISSN

1522-726X

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We describe the characteristics of atherosclerotic plaque in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) using near-infrared spectroscopy-intravascular ultrasound (NIRS-IVUS) BACKGROUND: Imaging and autopsy studies have described atherosclerotic plaque in different vascular beds, including varying degrees of lipid, fibrosis, and calcification. Recently, NIRS has been validated as an accurate method for detecting lipid-core plaque (LCP) in the coronary circulation. Invasive evaluation of plaque composition using NIRS-IVUS has not been reported in different peripheral arterial circulations.

METHODS: We performed invasive angiography and NIRS-IVUS in consecutive PAD patients prior to percutaneous revascularization. Imaging evaluation included parameters from angiography, IVUS, and NIRS. NIRS-IVUS findings were compared among different vascular beds with regard to the presence and extent of calcification and LCP.

RESULTS: One hundred and forty-nine lesions in 126 PAD patients were enrolled, including the internal carotid (n = 10), subclavian/axillary (n = 9), renal (n = 14), iliac (n = 35), femoropopliteal (n = 69), and infrapopliteal (n = 12) arteries. Plaque morphology was calcified in 132 lesions (89%) and fibrous in 17 lesions (11%). Calcification varied from 100% of renal artery stenoses to 55% of subclavian/axillary artery stenoses. LCP was present in 48 lesions (32%) and prevalence varied from 60% in carotid artery stenoses to 0% in renal artery stenoses (P < 0.005). LCP was only observed in fibrocalcific plaque, and was longitudinally and circumferentially surrounded by a more extensive degree of calcium.

CONCLUSIONS: NIRS-IVUS in stable PAD patients demonstrates a high frequency of calcific plaque and statistically significant differences in the frequency of LCP in different arterial beds. LCP, when present in the peripheral circulation, is always associated with calcified plaque. The strong co-localization of calcified plaque and LCP in severe PAD lesions may provide plaque-stabilizing effects; further studies are needed. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Medical Subject Headings

Aged; Angiography, Digital Subtraction; Female; Fibrosis; Humans; Lipids; Male; Middle Aged; Peripheral Arterial Disease; Plaque, Atherosclerotic; Predictive Value of Tests; Severity of Illness Index; Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared; Ultrasonography, Interventional; Vascular Calcification

Volume

90

Issue

3

First Page

461

Last Page

470

PubMed ID

28303659

DOI

10.1002/ccd.27023

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