Title

An elective course to train student pharmacists to provide culturally sensitive health care

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2019

Abstract

© 2019, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. All rights reserved. Objective. To design and implement an elective course that prepares student pharmacists to provide culturally sensitive health care by developing their knowledge, self-confidence, and clinical and communication skills for working with patients from various cultural backgrounds during community health screenings. Methods. In this one-credit-hour elective course, second- and third-year pharmacy students were taught about chronic disease states affecting various minorities, approaches to improve their communication with patients from various cultural backgrounds, and proper use of cardiometabolic equipment during health screening events. After a health screening event at the end of the course, knowledge scores, self-confidence, clinical skills, and communication skills were compared between students who took the elective course and those in a control group. A pre-post elective survey was administered to second- and third-year students enrolled in the elective course to assess differences in understanding, self-confidence, clinical skills, and communication skills. Results. The 31 students who completed the elective course performed better on the knowledge quiz questions than did the 31 students in the control group (response rate 100%). Self-confidence, and communication and clinical skills scores were higher among those who completed the elective course than those who did not. There was an increase in knowledge scores for all students enrolled in the course. Second-year students were just as confident in their abilities as third-year students by the end of course. Conclusion. An elective course focused on better preparing students to provide culturally sensitive health awareness through community health screenings improved students’ overall knowledge, clinical skills, communication skills, and self-confidence.

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