Renal Function-Based Contrast Threshold Predicts Kidney Injury in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography & Interventions
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after contrast-guided interventions is associated with adverse outcomes, but the role of contrast in the context of renal function is less well described for patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).
Patients from the Michigan TAVR registry between January 2016 and December 2019 were included. AKI was defined using Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 definitions. An integer cut point for the ratio of contrast volume (CV) to renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR]) as a predictor of AKI was calculated.
Of 7112 cases, AKI occurred in 629 (8.8%) patients. Unadjusted mortality was higher among patients with AKI (32.5% vs 9.0%, P < .0001). AKI remained significantly associated with the risk of mortality after multivariable adjustment (hazard ratio = 4.50, P < .001). Procedural characteristics associated with AKI included CV/eGFR >2 (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.36, P = .003, 95% CI = 1.10-1.67), CV/eGFR >3 (aOR = 1.38, P = .009, 95% CI = 1.09-1.77), and use of general anesthesia (aOR = 1.67, P < .0001, 95% CI = 1.38-2.03).
CV in the context of renal function administrated during TAVR is a robust tool to predict AKI. AKI after TAVR is associated with an increased risk of mortality. Incorporation of thresholds of >2× and > 3× eGFR into procedural planning should be considered as a quality initiative.
Gualano SK, Seth M, Gurm HS, Sukul D, Chetcuti SJ, Patel HJ, et al. [Schwartz C, Shannon F]. Renal function-based contrast threshold predicts kidney injury in transcatheter aortic valve replacement. J Soc Cardiov Angiog Interv. 2022 May-Jun;1(3):100038. doi:10.1016/j.jscai.2022.100038.