Endobronchial Biopsy Complications

Document Type

Conference Proceeding - Restricted Access

Publication Date



A 75 year old male with a past medical history of ILD, COPD, and anxiety presented for elective endobronchial lymph node biopsy for mediastinal adenopathy. In the PACU the patient developed significant bronchospasm upon extubation. Various treatments were used to help stabilize the patient’s respiratory status. Endobronchial biopsy has been utilized successfully in the minimally invasive diagnosis of various pulmonary pathologies. However, endobronchial ultrasound carries notable risks related to sedation and bronchoscopy, including bronchospasm, laryngospasm, pneumothorax, bleeding, hemorrhage, arrhythmias, and cardiac arrest. This presentation will explore the possible complications of endobronchial biopsy, in particular bronchospasm.


American Society of Anesthesiology, Anesthesiology 2019. Orlando, FL. October 19-23, 2019.