Benefits of a family-centered approach to pediatric induction of anesthesia.
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We initiated a pediatric surgical program including a caregiver for the induction of anesthesia. We measured preoperative midazolam administration, preoperative time, induction time, and program satisfaction.
METHODS: Families with children undergoing surgery during the study period were included. Preoperative midazolam administration, preoperative time, and induction time were compared between participants and controls. Satisfaction surveys were given to participating caregivers and staff.
RESULTS: The rate of preoperative midazolam use decreased from 41% (392/964) to 13% (16/118) among participants vs controls (p < 0.0001). After linear regression analysis, this difference persisted as an adjusted odds ratio of 0.29 (95% CI = 0.16-0.52). Preoperative and induction times (minutes) were similar between groups (76.2 vs 82.2, 13.8 vs 16.2, p = nonsignificant). Based on 5-point Likert surveys, the program was rated as "beneficial" or "very beneficial" to the patient by caregivers (99.2%) and staff (77.5%). Caregivers stated it "reduced" or "greatly reduced" anxiety for them (87.1%) and their child (93.2%).
CONCLUSIONS: Opponents of similar programs suggest familial presence slows care and is disruptive. Our program decreased utilization of preoperative anxiolytics with no effect on operating room efficiency. Both hospital staff and participants felt the program was beneficial to the patient. Perceived caregiver and child anxiety was reduced.
TYPE OF STUDY: Treatment study.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.