CON: Pulmonary artery catheter use should be forgone in modern clinical practice.
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
The pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) and its role in the practice of modern medicine remains to be questioned and has experienced a substantial decline in its use in the most recent decades. The complications associated to its use, the lack of consistency of the interpretation provided by the PAC among clinicians, the development of new hemodynamic methods, and the deleterious cost profile associated to the PAC are some of the reasons behind the decrease in its use. Since its introduction into clinical practice, the PAC and the data obtained from its use became paramount in the management of critically ill patients as well as for the high-risk/invasive procedures. Initially, many clinicians were under the impression that regardless the clinical setting, acquiring the information provided by the PAC justified its use, until a growing body of evidence demonstrated its lack of mortality and morbidity improvement, as well as several reports of the presence of difficulties-some of them fatal-during its insertion. The authors present an updated review discussing the futility of the PAC in current clinical practice, the complications associated to its insertion, the lack of mortality benefit in critically ill patients and cardiac surgery, as well as present alternative hemodynamic methods to the PAC.
Navas-Blanco JR, Vaidyanathan A, Blanco PT, Modak RK. CON: Pulmonary artery catheter use should be forgone in modern clinical practice. Ann Card Anaesth. 2021 Jan-Mar;24(1):8-11. doi: 10.4103/aca.ACA_126_19. PMID: 33938824; PMCID: PMC8081138.