Title

Symptomatic neurocutaneous melanosis: mild clinical onset in a teenager.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-30-2020

Publication Title

BMJ Case Reports

Abstract

Neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM) is a rare disorder characterised by giant or multiple melanocytic nevi and meningeal melanosis or melanoma. Onset of neurological symptoms is typically in children younger than 2 years and can be rapidly fatal. We present the case of a 13-year-old adopted girl presenting with numerous congenital melanocytic nevi and a seizure. She had no significant previous neurological history. Electroencephalogram showed epileptiform discharges over the right frontal region. MRI of the brain showed T1 hyperintensity in the bilateral amygdala and anterior temporal lobes with corresponding hyperintensity on T2 and fluid attenuated inversion recovery. There was no hydrocephalus. Along with the history of nevi, these imaging findings were concerning for NCM. The patient is being managed with levetiracetam and trametinib and shows no further neurological decline at 1-year follow-up, providing prognostic hope in this case of NCM.

Volume

13

Issue

11

First Page

235772

Last Page

235772

DOI

10.1136/bcr-2020-235772

ISSN

1757-790X

PubMed ID

33257354

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