Iron deficiency anemia in males: a dosing dilemma?
Journal of Community Hospital Intern Medicine Perspectives
Introduction: Iron deficiency anemia is a major problem worldwide treated by replenishment of iron stores. The treatment is complicated by differing pharmacodynamics of administrative routes, equations with design effects, ongoing losses, additional daily requirement, plateauing of markers required for iron absorption, food-drug interactions, gender, and age. Accounting for these factors in one dosing regimen becomes difficult, specifically in males. This review aimed at analyzing multiple dosages of iron supplements in different studies and determining if there are factors that could individualize treatment in male patients. Methods: A scoping review was performed using PubMed, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials.gov. We reviewed literature from 1980 to 2020. The keywords used in the review were 'iron deficiency', 'dosage', 'males', and 'standardized'. Results and conclusions: The review included 1507 male participants from 9 major studies (4 clinical trials, 1 systematic review, 2 prospective and 2 descriptive studies). In the case of males, differences in lean body weight, and factors affecting absorption of iron also need to be considered. In order to thoroughly explore the issues in treatment of iron deficiency anemia, randomized controlled trials are required to investigate the frequency of dosing, impact of vitamin C and proper counselling, and weight changes in male participants.
Sheikh AB, Javed N, Ijaz Z, Barlas V, Shekhar R, Rukov B. Iron deficiency anemia in males: a dosing dilemma? J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect. 2021 Jan 26;11(1):46-52. doi: 10.1080/20009666.2020.1831743. PMID: 33552414; PMCID: PMC7850434.