Synchronous electrical stimulation of laryngeal muscles: An alternative for enhancing recovery of unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis
Journal of Voice
Background Although electrical stimulation of the larynx has been widely studied for treating voice disorders, its effectiveness has not been assessed under safety and comfortable conditions. This article describes design, theoretical issues, and preliminary evaluation of an innovative system for transdermal electrical stimulation of the larynx. The proposed design includes synchronization of electrical stimuli with laryngeal neuromuscular activity. Objective To study whether synchronous electrical stimulation of the larynx could be helpful for improving voice quality in patients with dysphonia due to unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis (URLNP). Materials and Methods A 3-year prospective study was carried out at the Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitacion in the Mexico City. Ten patients were subjected to transdermal current electrical stimulation synchronized with the fundamental frequency of the vibration of the vocal folds during phonation. The stimulation was triggered during the phase of maximum glottal occlusion. A complete acoustic voice analysis was performed before and after the period of electrical stimulation. Results Acoustic analysis revealed significant improvements in all parameters after the stimulation period. Conclusion Transdermal synchronous electrical stimulation of vocal folds seems to be a safe and reliable procedure for enhancing voice quality in patients with (URLNP). © 2014 The Voice Foundation.
Garcia Perez A, Hernández López X, Valadez Jiménez VM, Minor Martínez A, Ysunza PA. Synchronous electrical stimulation of laryngeal muscles: an alternative for enhancing recovery of unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis. J Voice. 2014 Jul;28(4):524.e1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2014.01.004. Epub 2014 Apr 13. PMID: 24726329.