Acute liver failure in pregnancy due to autoimmune hepatitis.

Sonia Sajja, Beaumont Health Resident
Jay Idler, Beaumont Health Fellow
Jaber Saad, Beaumont Health Resident
Ray Bahado-Singh, Beaumont Health


Autoimmune hepatitis is a diagnosis rarely made in pregnancy, especially in the setting of acute liver failure. If unrecognised and untreated, it can result in significant fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. We report a case of acute liver failure in a patient presenting at 17 weeks' gestation. She was diagnosed with autoimmune hepatitis via transjugular liver biopsy. Prednisone therapy was initiated, resulting in disease remission for the remainder of her pregnancy. Induction of labour at 37 weeks' gestation resulted in delivery of a healthy small for gestational age neonate. Prompt diagnosis of a non-obstetrical aetiology for acute liver failure in pregnancy is critical to provide the appropriate therapy to achieve an optimal pregnancy outcome.