The 10 Common Evidence-Supported Indications for MEG in Epilepsy Surgery: An Illustrated Compendium.
Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Unfamiliarity with the indications for and benefits of magnetoencephalography (MEG) persists, even in the epilepsy community, and hinders its acceptance to clinical practice, despite the evidence. The wide treatment gap for patients with drug-resistant epilepsy and immense underutilization of epilepsy surgery had similar effects. Thus, educating referring physicians (epileptologists, neurologists, and neurosurgeons) both about the value of epilepsy surgery and about the potential benefits of MEG can achieve synergy and greatly improve the process of selecting surgical candidates. As a practical step toward a comprehensive educational process to benefit potential MEG users, current MEG referrers, and newcomers to MEG, the authors have elected to provide an illustrated guide to 10 everyday situations where MEG can help in the evaluation of people with drug-resistant epilepsy. They are as follows: (1) lacking or imprecise hypothesis regarding a seizure onset; (2) negative MRI with a mesial temporal onset suspected; (3) multiple lesions on MRI; (4) large lesion on MRI; (5) diagnostic or therapeutic reoperation; (6) ambiguous EEG findings suggestive of "bilateral" or "generalized" pattern; (7) intrasylvian onset suspected; (8) interhemispheric onset suspected; (9) insular onset suspected; and (10) negative (i.e., spikeless) EEG. Only their practical implementation and furtherance of personal and collective education will lead to the potentially impactful synergy of the two-MEG and epilepsy surgery. Thus, while fulfilling our mission as physicians, we must not forget that ignoring the wealth of evidence about the vast underutilization of epilepsy surgery - and about the usefulness and value of MEG in selecting surgical candidates - is far from benign neglect.
Bagić AI, Funke ME, Kirsch HE, Tenney JR, Zillgitt AJ, Burgess RC. The 10 Common Evidence-Supported Indications for MEG in Epilepsy Surgery: An Illustrated Compendium. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2020 Nov;37(6):483-497. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000726. PMID: 33165222.