Congestive Heart Failure 30-Day Readmission: Descriptive Study of Demographics, Co-morbidities, Heart Failure Knowledge, and Self-Care.
Background Congestive heart failure (CHF) readmissions are associated with substantial financial and medical implications. We performed a descriptive study to determine demographic, clinical, and behavioral factors associated with 30-day readmission. Materials and methods Patients hospitalized with CHF at William Beaumont Hospital in Royal Oak, MI, from March 2019-May 2019 were studied. Response to heart failure knowledge and self-care questionnaires along with the patients' demographic and clinical factors were collected. Thirty-day readmission to any of the eight hospitals in the Beaumont Health System was documented. Results One-hundred ninety-six (196) patients were included. The all-cause 30-day readmission rate was 23%. A numerical higher rate of readmissions was observed among males (23.7% vs 22.2%), current smokers (27.3% vs 22.9%), and patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD; 28.9% vs 21.2%), diabetes mellitus (DM; 26.4% vs 18.9%), hypertension (HTN; 26.4% vs 10%), coronary artery disease (CAD; 24.6% vs 19%), and prior history of cerebrovascular accident (CVA; 28.9% vs 21.2%) (p>0.05). Reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was associated with higher readmissions (24.4% vs 20.5%, p=0.801). Patients with the highest reported questionnaire scores corresponding to better heart failure knowledge and self-care behaviors at home were readmitted at a similar rate compared to those scoring in the lowest interval (25%, p=0.681). Conclusion Though statistically insignificant due to the limitations of sample size, a higher percentage of readmissions was observed in male patients, current smokers, reduced LVEF, and higher comorbidity burden. Better reported patient self-care behavior, medication compliance, and heart failure knowledge did not correlate with reduced readmission rates. While the impact of medical comorbidities on 30-day readmissions is better established, the role of socioeconomic factors remains unclear and might suggest a focus for future work.
Madanat L, Saleh M, Maraskine M, Halalau A, Bukovec F. Congestive Heart Failure 30-Day Readmission: Descriptive Study of Demographics, Co-morbidities, Heart Failure Knowledge, and Self-Care. Cureus. 2021 Oct 11;13(10):e18661. doi: 10.7759/cureus.18661. PMID: 34786247; PMCID: PMC8579470.