Institutional Variability in Patient Radiation Doses ≥5 Gy During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.
JACC Cardiovascular Intervention
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate institutional variability in high radiation doses during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether radiation safety practices are optimally applied across institutions performing PCI.
METHODS: Using data from a large statewide registry, PCI discharges between July 1, 2016, and March 31, 2018, with a procedural air kerma (AK) recorded were analyzed. PCI procedures were grouped by the performing hospital, and institutional frequency of procedural AK ≥5 Gy was calculated. Fitted hierarchical Bayesian modeling was performed to identify variables independently associated with an AK ≥5 Gy. The performing hospital was included as a random effect in the hierarchical model.
RESULTS: Among 36,201 PCI procedures at 28 hospitals, procedural AK was ≥5 Gy in 1,477 cases (4.1%), ≥10 Gy in 185 (0.5%), and ≥15 Gy in 105 (0.3%). The institutional frequency of procedural AK ≥5 Gy ranged from 0.0% to 10.9%. Bayesian modeling identified body mass index, dyslipidemia, diabetes, prior coronary bypass surgery, use of mechanical circulatory support, and the performing hospital as independent predictors of an AK ≥5 Gy. The median odds ratio for the performing hospital, representing an estimate of the contribution of interhospital variability in determining the odds of having a procedural AK ≥5 Gy, was 3.08 (95% confidence interval: 3.01 to 3.16).
CONCLUSIONS: Wide variability exists in the institutional frequency of procedural AK ≥5 Gy during PCI. After accounting for patient characteristics and procedural variables, the performing hospital appears to be a major factor in determining patient radiation dose in contemporary PCI.
Madder RD, Dixon SR, Seth M, Lee D, Earl T, Hill T, Shah I, Gurm HS. Institutional Variability in Patient Radiation Doses ≥5 Gy During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2020 Apr 13;13(7):846-856. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2019.11.032. PMID: 32273096.