Title

Institutional Variability in Patient Radiation Doses ≥5 Gy During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-13-2020

Publication Title

JACC Cardiovascular Intervention

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate institutional variability in high radiation doses during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether radiation safety practices are optimally applied across institutions performing PCI.

METHODS: Using data from a large statewide registry, PCI discharges between July 1, 2016, and March 31, 2018, with a procedural air kerma (AK) recorded were analyzed. PCI procedures were grouped by the performing hospital, and institutional frequency of procedural AK ≥5 Gy was calculated. Fitted hierarchical Bayesian modeling was performed to identify variables independently associated with an AK ≥5 Gy. The performing hospital was included as a random effect in the hierarchical model.

RESULTS: Among 36,201 PCI procedures at 28 hospitals, procedural AK was ≥5 Gy in 1,477 cases (4.1%), ≥10 Gy in 185 (0.5%), and ≥15 Gy in 105 (0.3%). The institutional frequency of procedural AK ≥5 Gy ranged from 0.0% to 10.9%. Bayesian modeling identified body mass index, dyslipidemia, diabetes, prior coronary bypass surgery, use of mechanical circulatory support, and the performing hospital as independent predictors of an AK ≥5 Gy. The median odds ratio for the performing hospital, representing an estimate of the contribution of interhospital variability in determining the odds of having a procedural AK ≥5 Gy, was 3.08 (95% confidence interval: 3.01 to 3.16).

CONCLUSIONS: Wide variability exists in the institutional frequency of procedural AK ≥5 Gy during PCI. After accounting for patient characteristics and procedural variables, the performing hospital appears to be a major factor in determining patient radiation dose in contemporary PCI.

Volume

13

Issue

7

First Page

846

Last Page

856

DOI

10.1016/j.jcin.2019.11.032

ISSN

1876-7605

PubMed ID

32273096

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